Fractal Ice Formations on Window of Car, 2010, Photo by Mark C. Langdon. This is an astonishing example of the process that is described as "Emergence". Emergence is the process by which complex order can be generated from what appears to be only chaos. The water molecule is an electrical dipole - it has a positive and negative end. This simple feature, given the right conditions, can cause surprising, complex patterns to be generated. Although these ice-frost patterns resemble snowflakes, they were roughly 3 to 4 inches across, and disappeared once the sunlight warmed them slightly.